High grassland plateau is home to the local sambar deer and the 700-metre drop known as World’s End, which plunges down to the valley floor. Horton Plains are the headwaters of three major Sri Lankan rivers, the Mahaweli, Kelani and Walawe rivers and is surrounded by rich biodiversity of flora and fauna and is the only national park that allows hiking. +
/ SAMBAR DEER /
High grassland plateau is home to the local sambar deer. The Sri Lankan subspecies of sambar are the largest of the genus with the largest antlers both in size and in body proportions.
The sambar prefers the dense cover of deciduous shrubs and grasses, although the exact nature of this varies enormously with the environment, because of their wide range across southern Asia.
With nearly 750 species of plants belonging to 20 families distributed amongst montane grasslands and montane evergreen forests, the plains is a protected area with over 21 bird species which inhabits only in Sri Lanka. One of the world’s most endangered primates the ‘Horton Plains slender loris’ is conserved amongst this region.